The design and function of basements has changed over the years. Today, people prefer finished basements that are fitted with comfort amenities. Basements are no longer simply storage spaces. Nowadays they can be transformed into dens, game rooms, garages and even extra bedrooms. Specialized HVAC units are installed to ensure that this space is comfortable. Here is more on the HVAC Systems for basements.
What is the importance of installing a HVAC system for your basement?
The basement often contains stored items as well as heating and cooling components such as air handlers and the furnace. When you decide to finish this space and install furnishings, it is necessary to install a special HVAC system that will encompass the existing air conditioning components and guarantee the occupants’ comfort.
The heating components which are commonly installed in the basement usually use gas as the main fuel. Therefore, a dedicated HVAC system needs to ensure proper ventilation and air flow in this room. In addition to that, this system must satisfy the requirements enacted by the gas code in your location.
Installing a HVAC system which is specifically suited for your basement is quite necessary. This is advised even if you have another unit for the upper levels of your house. This specialized HVAC unit controls elements such as humidity, temperature and air flow.
Factors to consider before investing in a HVAC system for your basement
- The extra square footage
When you finish your basement, the process adds some extra footage to your residence. This space requires heating and cooling. As such, you should consider if your current home HVAC system can handle the extra room. If it cannot, calculate how much extra space you have and pick a specialized HVAC unit which can handle the extra load. This will lead to efficient heating and cooling here.
- The purpose of a finished basement
You can turn your finished basement into anything. It can be an extra bedroom, a gaming room, a kids’ play area or even an entertainment room. The specific purpose for which you are finishing the basement will guide your decision in terms of how much control you would like to have over the air conditioning in this room.
- The contractor’s proficiency
Installing a special HVAC system for your basement can be a highly technical task. This system may include some strategic components such as a heat exchanger, condensing unit and ductwork. Moreover, there may already be some heating and cooling equipment in your basement such as a furnace or hot water tank.
Your contractor of choice needs to install the new system while maintaining the proper function of existing equipment. In addition to that, they need to ensure that the components are as discreet as possible. This is so that they do not get in the way of any furnishings or electronics that you want to have in the finished basement.
Installing an exclusive HVAC system for your basement may need some special permits. The contractor that you pick should be aware of this fact. In addition to that, they should have the means for facilitating these permits.
Types of HVAC systems for your basement
There are many varieties of HVAC systems which you can install in your basement. Some of them provide specific solutions while others provide comprehensive heating and cooling capabilities. They include:
- Baseboard heating system
- Mini-split system
- Zone-dampered system
- Small-duct system
Baseboard heating system
These are HVAC systems which you can install in your basement. It is more popular in cold climates because in such places, heating often takes a higher priority than cooling. The baseboard heating system comprises a wall-mounted control unit attached to a collection of wires that run underneath the floor boards.
The baseboard heating system is cost-effective. In addition to that, this system is quite easy to install. As a matter of fact, an electrician can install some 240 volt baseboard heating in a short period of time. For basement heating, this system is a great option.
This is a versatile system which does both heating and cooling. The mini-split is essentially a compact heat pump. It makes use of components such as an indoor air handler and an outdoor compressor. Refrigerant is delivered to the indoor air handler through some tubing so as to enable cooling.
The mini-split HVAC system is ductless in nature. Hence, it cannot be affected by problems such as leaking ductwork. Moreover, the air compressor section can be placed up to 50 feet away from the air handler. As a result, the system can be installed in an unobtrusive way.
In case you find that the existing HVAC system in your home can handle the extra room provided by a finished basement, then you can perform zoning. A zone-dampered HVAC system provides separate thermostatic control for your basement. As such, the cellar can be cool when the rest of the house is warm or vice versa.
This system utilizes a programmable thermostat which is installed in your basement. It gives you the freedom to set the preferred temperature, humidity, and air quality for this room. A major advantage of the zone-dampered system is that it can reduce the cost of running your HVAC system by up to 30%.
This is a HVAC system which maximizes on discretion. The small-duct system makes use of compact duct work which does not take up a lot of space. Some of them can even be hidden away from view. This type of apparatus was designed for small areas which do not have much room for the bulky, metal duct work which are used in regular HVAC systems.
An outstanding characteristic of the small-duct system is that it delivers conditioned air to your basement through supply tubes that are flexible and small in size. Therefore, the air is delivered at a much higher velocity than usual. In addition to that, these systems are so small that they can easily blend right into any type of décor. This makes them perfect for finished basements.
Finished basements are a popular trend nowadays. They provide some extra space that you can utilize as you wish. They also increase the value of your home resulting in a handsome profit if you decide to sell it. As such, they are an asset. As a part of your newly finished basement, there are special HVAC systems for the basement that guarantee comfort in your extended living area.