Thumbnail is an elegant form of painting of the Indian subcontinent. The highlight of this art is the complex and delicate manner of writing. Paints for writing miniatures were traditionally made from natural materials: minerals, plants, precious stones, gold, silver, mollusk shells. Writing miniature paintings is a very complex, painstaking art, where none of the details is left unattended. In indianartzone.com you can have the best options.
Painting School Pala
The earliest copies of Indian miniatures date from the reign of the Buddhist empire of Pala, which covered the territory of modern Zap. Bengal, Bangladesh and Bihar, Pala’s miniatures are illustrations of religious Buddhist manuscripts dating back to the 11th – 12th centuries. Pala’s school style is skillful, graceful lines, muted tones, skillful modeling of figures, and the use of natural colors. This naturalistic style resembles perfectly cast forms of bronze sculptures and echoes the frescoes of Ajanta. The Pala school focuses on the symbolic use of color in paintings borrowed from Tantrism.
The West Indian style of miniature painting developed and dominated the territories of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Malwa. One of the driving forces of creativity in this region, at that time, was Jainism, which patronized since the middle of the X century. Until the end of the thirteenth century the rulers of the Chalukyi dynasty, a huge amount of religious Jaina literature was widely used among the nobility and wealthy merchants of that time. Many of these manuscripts are stored today in Jaina bookstores (Bhandara / Bhandara) in many places in Western India. The drawings in these manuscripts are highly stylized and distorted. Emphasis in Jain miniature is done on the disproportion of parts of the body, eyes, hips and chest, on their significant exaggeration. Jaina School of Miniature Painting focuses on pure colors, heavy gold contours and minimizing clothes.
Starting from the XV century on the West Indian school of painting begins to influence the Persian style of fine art. This is evidenced by the types of persons inherent in Persian painting in paintings, the shape of flowering trees, the presence of hunting scenes, grass growing in bunches, heaven and clouds. This influence is especially noticeable in the use of ultramarine and gold colors, prevailing in the fine arts of Persia. Early examples of Persian painting in India were illustrated manuscripts, many of which were copied and gradually spread throughout Hindustan.
Mogul school of miniature painting
Mughal miniature painting reflects a combination of Indian and Persian styles. As an art, it arose during the reign of the Mughal emperor Humayun (1530-1540; 1555-1556). Returning to India from Persia, where he was in exile, Humayun brought with him two Persian artists who laid the foundation for the development of Mughal miniature painting. Over time, Persian painting, which absorbed local traditions, formed its own characteristic style. The main themes of the Mughal miniatures are hunting, battle scenes, and scenes from court life, moments from legendary stories, the natural landscape, animal images and portraits.
Under the auspices of the emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, the Mughal School of painting rises to a new level of its development. During the reign of Akbar the Great (1556-1605), there was a great increase in art workshops,hundreds of artists worked at the court, following a style founded by two Persian painters who had once arrived with Humayun in India. Since the emperor Akbar adored legends and stories, the main themes of this period were scenes from the Mahabharata, the Ramayana and the Persian epics.