Almost all air conditioner units available in the United States used the coolant R-22 Freon until a few years ago. This coolant is known as chlorodifluoromethane or R-22 – which is one of the refrigerants sold under the brand name Freon. The coolant has been commonly used in air conditioners, heat pumps, and many other applications due to the effectiveness of the gas. In fact, the gas was very popular among a majority of HVAC manufacturers due to the efficiency and affordability of it. However, it was later discovered that R-22 caused damages to the ozone layer of the atmosphere. Hence, the United States agreed to an international accord in 1987 to reduce the production of HCFC (hydrochlorofluorocarbon).
R-22 is one of the products that was affected by this agreement in 2004. The use of R-22 was banned in new HVAC appliances with effect from 2010. But R-22 is still being produced in limited quantities to service existing air conditioners in the country. It will be completely phased out by 2020. This article provides information on how you can save money and cut energy costs by replacing R-22 Freon.
The next step in phasing out the production and use of R-22 began in 2015. In fact, this further reduced the permitted production and imports of R-22 into the United States. As a result, the prices of R-22 has quadrupled. The problem is supposed to worsen in the future when the final phaseout schedule for R-22 comes into effect. The prices are supposed to increase further due to this. In fact, the coolant will be completely banned in 2020. By the time of the cut-off date, R-22 might be extraordinarily expensive. If you are a homeowner who uses R-22 for your HVAC system, you may be wondering what your options are. The HVAC units manufactured after 2012 use an environmentally friendly coolant known as R410A Freon.
If you are holding on to an HVAC unit that has R-22 and the system is still in good condition, you can hold on to the unit until 2020. The use of R-22 will be completely banned in 2020. You may have to replace your HVAC unit when this happens. Another option is to convert your R-22 system into an R401A unit with bluon energy refrigerant company. But converting an R-22 unit to R410A is a major undertaking that is not the best DIY project. It is quite similar to converting a diesel engine to run on gasoline. It cannot be accomplished without major changes to the entire HVAC system. You may have to replace the R-22 compressor, condenser, and evaporator with units designed to operate with R410A gas. On the other hand, the copper lines that connect the components of the unit will also have to be replaced for the system to work properly. An extensive system change will have to be undertaken since R-22 and R410A are not interchangeable. Hence, these gases cannot be mixed in the same HVAC unit. Both these gases have quite different heat transfer properties. They also use chemically incompatible lubricating oils. So, this might be a very costly conversion after all.
The most affordable option for you is to replace the current R-22 HVAC system with an energy-efficient unit that is designed to use the new coolant – R410A. Even though you may think that this is a costly option by looking at the upfront cost of it, a new energy-efficient HVAC unit can help you save money and cut energy costs over time. On the other hand, the other two options may seem cost-effective upfront, but they are costlier in the long run. That is why many homeowners choose the third option of replacing their old R-22 HVAC units with an energy-efficient R410A new HVAC system. In fact, replacing your current system will eliminate the risk of having to pay a fortune for R-22 replacement in a couple of years’ time. Or, you may have to pay higher energy bills for the next couple of years due to reduced performance of your existing system.
In reality, the best time to replace your R-22 HVAC unit is right now. You will immediately begin to enjoy the savings on your energy bills. Here are some of the most important advantages of replacing your R-22 Freon HVAC unit with an environmentally friendly and energy efficient R410A system. The R-22 unit operates at an efficiency of 13 Seer or lower. In fact, the systems that are 9-10 years old are 9 Seer units. But the R410A unit is 14.5 Seer or more. The latest R410A units are 20 Seer or more. Hence, by replacing your old R-22 HVAC system with the latest R410A HVAC units, you will be tremendously increasing the energy efficiency of the unit. Over the course of the unit life, this may constitute a decent amount of payoff for your investment. That is the best way to cut energy costs and save money by replacing R-22 Freon in your HVAC system.
R-22 is ozone depleting. Hence, shifting to R410A is less damaging to the environment. This is a step in the right direction for cooling technology. Even though R410A is not the holy grail of home cooling, it is the best we have right now. That is why you need to make the shift without delay to protect the ozone layer of the environment. Each homeowner who chooses R410A is taking a step in the right direction and doing his/her duty towards the environment.
All HVAC units sold in the United States used R-22 Freon until the year of 2012. But R-22 is being currently phased out due to the damages caused to the ozone layer. The coolant will be completely phased out by the year of 2020. If you have an AC system that runs on R-22 Freon, you should consider replacing the system with an environmentally friendly and energy efficient air conditioner system. That is the best way to save money and cut energy costs by replacing the R-22 Freon coolant.